Sunday, December 16, 2012

What is Normal For Pets

It's important for any pet owner to know what is normal of their pet's health.

Even the simplest symptoms such as lack of energy, cough, hair loss, lack of appetite and others could mean your pet is gravely ill and needs to see a veterinarian immediately!

Animals instinctively hide illness. Especially birds and rabbits.

In the wild if an animal were to show illness the pack would disown them for fear that the ill animal would slow them down. If slowed down prey would eat them!

Know what the routine of your pet is to best remember what is normal for them.
How much and when do they eat, play, poop, pee, sneeze, itch, ect.

If anything seems off or wrong call your veterinarian to discuss if you should come in for an exam.

It's normal for pet parents to call and ask for opinions of the nurses and veterinarians. Ask to leave a doctors note for your vet to call you back with answers to your questions.

Basic knowledge for a normal TPR (Temperature, Pulse, Respiration) of a cat and dog could alarm you in knowing if there is something wrong with your pet as well.

Normal Temperature
Rectal and ear thermometers are sold for pets.

Rectal Cat: 100.5 - 102 F (38 - 39.2 C)
Rectal Dog: 100.5 - 102 F (38 - 39.2 C)
Aurally (Ear) Cat: 97 - 99  F (36.1-37.2 C)
Aurally (Ear) Dog: 97 - 99 F (36.1- 37.2 C)

Normal Pulse (Heart Rate)
Place your hand on the left side of the rib cage to feel a beat.

Cat: 160-180
Dog: 80-120

Normal Respiration (Breaths Per Minute)
Watch for the ribs to move up and down to count as one breath.

Cat: 20-40
Dog: 20-40

Capillary Refill Time is used in veterinary medicine to analysis blood flow within the body. Look at yourself in the mirror and press your fingers up against your gums in your mouth for 1 second....let go... It should have changed from a white color to a pink. How long did it take? The amount of time it took to go back to it's normal color is your Capillary Refill Time.

Animals such as cats and dogs have their CRT measured using their gums as I had you demonstrate on yourself above. Hold your pet's head with one hand and lift the gums with the other and use a finger to press down on the gums. Lift up and count how long it took to return to it's normal color. Be careful not to be bitten.

Normal CRT
Instructions are above.

Cats: Less than 2 seconds
Dogs: Less than 2 seconds

If illness is caught early the better chance your pet has for survival. Thanks for reading, I will have a new post everyday along with a new educational video every Wednesday.
© Faris Jaclyn I Littlest Pet Shop Photography

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